06-05-2010 - Bike sharing systems would promote cycling in general
Since the launch of BSS in Lyon (Vélo'v) in 2005, twenty French cities have expanded this concept, according to a memo of the General Council for Sustainable Development (CGDD), published May 5 32,000 bikes through 2500 stations have been made available to the public. Paris, with 20,000 bikes in self-service, constitutes the major part of this offer.
A dynamic development of bicycle trips
The development of this concept between, according to the note in a broader context of promoting cycling and multi-modal transport policies: development of bikeways, bike parking organization, political intermodal transport / cycling, commissioning place travel plans of facilities including a cycling component ... which would accentuate the use of bicycles in general''in Lyon, bicycle use has increased 75% in three years since the launch of Vélo'v . In Paris, it has increased by 46% between October 2006 and October 2007.'' Travel by bicycle self-service would not replace but in addition to existing travel bike.
This type of system is perceived by users as an offer of additional transport. According to a survey of users Vélo'v in the absence of this service, 51% of them have taken public transport, 37% would come on foot, 7% have used their cars, their bikes 3% staff and 2% would not have moved.
An impact on other modes of transport and emissions
The postponement to allow bicycles to ease traffic congestion and transit traffic. According to estimates, about 120 million miles traveled each year in bicycle-Self Service, 60 million have been driven by public transport and 10 million by car or decongestion benefits of about € 25 million for public transport common and € 3 million for road traffic (the calculation is based on a marginal social cost of congestion $ 45 cents per mile for a passenger transport and 30 € c for the car).
The systems self-service bicycle and would avoid a number of environmental pollution in terms of greenhouse gas emissions, local pollution, noise ... These externalities are estimated at 5 € c / km car avoided (2.7 € c / km for local pollution, 1.3 € c / km for noise and 0.7 € c / km for greenhouse gas emissions). Applied to the 10 million kilometers have been traveled by car in the absence of self-service bicycles, the environmental benefits are valued at up to € 0.5 million.
Author : Sophie Fabrégat